Nogales, Arizona

Nogales, Arizona

John DoyleJohn Doyle
Mayor, Nogales, Arizona
http://www.nogalesaz.gov

Nogales, Arizona, is a progressive city that has been able to maintain its small town charm, rich traditions, and vibrant culture. The city is the county seat for Santa Cruz County and shares its rich heritage with Nogales, Sonora, its sister city in Mexico.

Located along Arizona’s southern boundary, the City of Nogales, Arizona, borders Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, and is Arizona’s largest international border town. Nogales, Arizona, is a major international gateway along the United States-Mexico border. Due to the International Border, Nogales is the economic capital of the region and serves as one of the major gateways into the United States. Visitors cross the border between both cities for site-seeing and shopping on a daily basis Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora form a single, functional and complex urban fabric in which some members of the same family may live on the United States while others may reside in Mexico, creating a sense of fluidity that impacts all aspects of life, including culture, language, heritage, character, identity, context, environment and economy.
Nogales, AZ
Referred to as Ambos Nogales, the communities of Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora, México comprise the largest international border community in Arizona, with a combined population of 177,732 inhabitants as of the 2000 U.S. and Mexican censuses (U.S. Census Bureau 2000, Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Geografia e Informatica 2000).

Ambos Nogales was once an easy, friendly and relaxed two-nation border town. The urban fabric is now split in two, separated by an international border, yet still Ambos Nogales remains heavily reliant on each other. Ambos Nogales continues to share their families, cultures, heritages, characters and identities. The economy of Ambos Nogales is strongly intertwined. Being a community member in Ambos Nogales provides a unique opportunity to learn the languages, cultures and traditions from both Mexico and the United States. There is a distinctive flow of people, cultures, businesses, goods and ideas characteristic of a bi-national economy that makes Ambos Nogales unique. Members of Ambos Nogales, as well as tourists from both nations, frequent both sides of this international border creating an influx zone that is fluid and supports a natural constant movement from one side to the other much like the ebb and flow of waves on the shore.

Known in O’odham as Nowa:l, the name “Nogales” is derived from the Spanish word for “walnut” or “walnut tree.” It refers to the large stands of walnut trees which once grew abundantly in the mountain pass between Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora. Walnut trees can still be found around the city.

The population was 20,878 at the 2000 census. According to 2010 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 20,833

Principal Economic Activities

International commerce is important to Nogales’ economy.  Over 60 percent of Nogales’ sales tax comes from Mexican shoppers crossing the border daily.  Nogales and its sister city, Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, are home to one of the largest cooperative manufacturing (maquiladora) clusters.  Maquiladoras enable American manufacturing plants located on both sides of the border to take advantage of favorable wage and operating costs and excellent transportation and distribution networks.

Port of Entry Status

• Mariposa Reconfiguration fully funded $214 million
• Construction finalized October 2014

Direct Expenditures by Mexican Visitors

‘07-’08 – $1,281.8 million
(Source: Arizona Office of Tourism)

Nogales at a Glance

1990

2000

2008

2010

2012

2013

2014

Population

19,489

20,878

21,709

20,837

NA

20,456

NA

Labor Force Data

Civilian Labor

8,471

7,406

9,171

NA

NA

NA

8,416

Unemployed

1,535

752

1,111

NA

NA

NA

1,476

Unemp. Rate

18.1%

10.2%

12.1%

NA

NA

NA

17.5%

Growth Indicators

Taxable Sales

$291.4m

 $419.8m

NR

NR

NR

$516.7m

NR

Net Assessed Value

$65.1m

$94.2m

NR

NR

NR

$108.7m

NR

Sales Tax Revenue

Totals (‘08-’09)

$8.5 million (1)

$10.3 million (2)

Estimate from Mexican Shoppers

$5.1 million (1)

$6.2 million (2)

Estimate that 60% of sales tax is from Mexican Shoppers

Port of Entry Statistics (Nogales)

 

Trucks

POVs

Pedestrians

Buses

Bus Pass.

Trains

Total People

2011

2013

288,026

312,010

2,657,807

3,286,532

3,766,817

2,886,022

9,264

9,423

164,554

168,768

681

795

9,542,701

9,852,870